An Efficient Framework to Detect Cracks in Rail Tracks Using Neural Network Classifier

Manikandan Rajagopal, M. Balasubramanian, S. Palanivel


The detection of defects or cracks in rail track plays an important role in railway management, which prevents train accidents in both summer and rainy seasons. During summer, the cracks are formed on the track which slips the train wheel. In rainy environment, the rail tracks are affected by corrosion which also produced cracks on it. Methods: In present method, the cracks or defects are detected Echo image display device or semi conduction magnetism sensor devices which consumes more time. The proposed method enhances the track image using adaptive histogram equalization technique and further features as Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) and Local Binary Pattern (LBP) feature are extracted from the enhanced rail track image. These extracted features are trained and classified using neural network classifier which classifies the rail track image into either cracked or non-cracked image. The novelty of this work is to use soft computing approach for the detection of cracks in rail tracks. This methodology is trained by several crack images which are obtained from different environment. This method automatically classifies the current image based on the trained patterns, thus improves the classification accuracy. Findings: The performance of the proposed system achieves the accuracy rate of 94.9%, with respect to manually crack detected and segmented images.


Cracks, segmentation, classifier, rail tracks, train accidents

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